Almost all of the songs from this quiz are tone poems or program music, and the few exceptions often basically function as such anyway.
Since these songs are intended to evoke mental pictures, I highly recommend setting each to play in turn and then sitting back and seeing how well the mental pictures that form in your mind line up with the intended story/pictures.
I'm also curious to hear what reactions y'all have to these songs. It's always interesting to hear how someone else interprets and responds to evocative music.
1. "A wizard-in-training with chores to do borrows a spell from his master's spellbook in order to make the chores easier. Tired of fetching water by pail, the apprentice enchants a broomstick to do the work for him--using magic he is not yet fully trained in. The floor is soon awash with water, and the apprentice realizes that he cannot stop the broom because he does not know how. Despairing, he splits the broom in two with an axe, but each of the pieces transforms into a whole broomstick. The broomsticks take up pails and resume their work, now faster than ever. When all seems lost in a massive flood, the old sorcerer returns and quickly breaks the spell, saving the day."
Paul Dukas, L'apprenti-sorcier (The Sorcerer's Apprentice), 1897. (gotten by dvandom & judy_w)
Based on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's poem Der Zauberlehrling, The Sorcerer's Apprentice is one of the more well-known of the songs from this quiz, due in large part to the Disney arrangement, from Fantasia.
2. "An evocation of the struggle of the Finnish people to break out from under Russian rule and once again become a nation."
Jean Sibelius, Finlandia, 1900. (gotten by judy_w)
It is often performed at classical concerts, and the final section is relatively well-known on its own due to being repurposed as a church hymn, but Finlandia was cemented in many people's heads when it was used as the climactic music for Die Hard 2 and its fun little romp in the snow.
(I was sorely tempted to quote Monty Python's Finland song as the summary, but it was far too silly.)
Feudalism: Serf & Turf